ARTISTIC AND CRITICAL HERITAGE OF F.M. DOSTOEVSKY: BASED ON THE ARTICLES OF 60S-70S XIX CENTURY
Keywords:Dostoevsky, painting, art criticism, realism, artistic truth
AbstractDostoevsky's artistic-critical heritage contains an analysis of the concepts of realism and artistic truth, and the psychological method in art, which with it, art fulfill its humanistic function. In this regard, Realism includes the need to understand the deep problems of human life, and the study of their phenomenal side. This study aims to analyze the artistic and critical heritage of Dostoevsky, based on the articles of '60s-70s century. The descriptive method is used to meet that aim and several related sources are considered. The writer's statements about the essence and tasks of art in connection with specific events in artistic life in terms of the scale and depth of consideration of the problems raised, not only constitute the "golden fund" of Russian art criticism of the 19th century but also very useful from the point of view of modern problems of aesthetic perception and professional development of the artist. The review of the academic exhibition given by the writer includes an indication of the reasons for the formalistic understanding of realism in painting. That is mainly due to the shortcomings of academic education, which demonstrates clear tendencies towards utilitarianism, which contradicts a truly creative approach..
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Copyright (c) 2023 Elena Meshcherina, Andrei Fedorov , Nina Volkova , Julia Lobanova , Elena Panova , Elena Khripunova, Zulkhumar Jumanova
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