• Sanay Bayat Islamic Azad University
  • Hassan Shahabi
  • Fatemeh Bornaki




Virilio In Discourse, Democracy, Dromologia-Panoptical Discourses, Sound, Power


Abstract. The purpose of this study is to provide an analytical description of Lewis’ The Chronicles of Narnia based on both Foucault and Virilio’s theory. In the ensuing framework, Lewis creates new discourses which become the bedrock of the subjectivity. This subjectivity is scrutinized through Paul Virilio's theories of dromology along with Foucauldian panopticism. The amalgamation of these theories create the methodology of the study, through critical discourse analysis of the stories, which explains the existence of imperial narratives, through the manifestation of the usage of the discourse and the cyborg subjectivity by Lewis in his science fiction stories and the application of the dromological discourse and the panoptical discourse as the requisites of their existence, while the former leads to the latter through invisibility. Throughout the use of Virilio’s theory, the main characters experience transformation and changing were discussed. This theory investigates mostly the notions of panopticon and Foucault in the novels. The researcher traces several notions in the novels including power, discourse, and panopticon in the books. This paper has mostly focused on Foucault’s different concepts including discourse and power. The notion of panopticon in the discourse of Narnia has been investigated as well throughout the novel. 


Bennke, J., & Pinchevski, A. (2022). Media, Mediation, Mediality. Communication, 1, 9(1), 11.

Bevan, A. (2023). Gothic Literary Travel and Tourism. University of Wales Press.

Chakraborty, S. (2022). Imagination is the Power of Myth, the Rest is Painted with a Touch of Science Fiction: A Study of Mythology and Science Fiction. Comparative Literature: East & West, 6(2), 130-138.

Foucault, M. (1995), Discipline and Punishment, The Birth of the Prison. Trans. Alan Sheridan. 2nd. New York: Vintage Books.

Gabrielová, K. (2016). A Comparative Analysis of Two Czech Translations of The Chronicles of Narnia with Focus on Domestication and Foreignization”. Univerzita Palackého V Olomouci Filozofická Fakulta.

Gatti, G. (2023). Outside the borders of the state, abandonment. On the new forms of disappearance. Sociology Compass, 17(6), e13089.

Geraghty, L. (2008). From Balaclavastic to Jumpsuits: The Multiple Histories and Identities of Doctor Who's Cybermen." Atlantis. Journal of the Spanish Association of Anglo-American Studies 30: 85-100.

Gibson, R. B. (2023). Normality and Disability in HG Wells’s “The Country of the Blind”. Journal of Medical Humanities, 1-16.

Goodlad, L. M. (2003). Beyond the panopticon: Victorian Britain and the critical imagination. PMLA, 118(3), 539-556.

Hadley, M. (2013). Laboratory Literature: Science and Fiction in the Place of Production." University of Minnesota, October 2013.

Hale, Piers J. (2010). Labourand the Human Relationship with Nature: The Naturalization of Politics in the Work of Thomas Henry Huxley, Herbert George Wells, and William Morris." Springer, 18 4-7.

Heidegger, M. (1998). The Letter on Humanism." PathMarks. Trans. Frank A. Capuzzi. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 239-276.

Jamalpour H, Yaghoobi-Derab J. (2022). A review of the philosophy of aesthetics and art based on theoretical and methodological considerations. Revista de Investigaciones Universidad del Quindío. 20;34(S2):426-35.

Jamalpour, H., & Derabi, J. Y. (2023). Aesthetic Experience, Neurology and Cultural Memory. Passagens: Revista Internacional de História Política e Cultura Jurídica, 340-348.

Taliaferro, C. (2022). A Narnian Vision of the Atonement: A Defense of the Ransom Theory. Wipf and Stock Publishers.

Viilio, P. (2008), Negative Horizon. Trans. Michael Degener. London: Continuum.

Yee, M. (2023). On Tehching Hsieh’s Disappearance: Interrupting the Prevailing Narratives of the Artworld. Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas, 8(1-2), 43-60.






Novel approaches in education, society and culture development

Most read articles by the same author(s)